ABDUH DALIMUNTHE, AMBASSADOR OF INDONESIA, FOR "NOVOSTI", REGARDING HIS OPINION ON KOSOVO AND METOHIA
Kosovo is part of Serbia
RESOLUTION SC UN 1244 says that Kosovo is a part of Serbia. It is the duty of Indonesia as a part of the international community and a member of the UN Security Council to respect territorial integrity of Serbia in Kosovo in accordance with international law.
Holding the Resolution 1244 SC UN in front of him, the Ambassador of the Republic of Indonesia in Serbia, Abduh Dalimunthe thus summarised the position of his country, a non-permanent member of the UN SC, regarding the southern province. After the presentation of the Plan for Kosovo by Marti Aahtisaari, who, back in 2005, was incidentally involved in the termination of a thirty-year conflict regarding secession of Aceh region, by consent of the rebels to lay down their arms in exchange of greater authonomy within Indonesia, Ambassador Dalimunthe says that his country supports the idea of sending of the mission to Kosovo:
- It is neccessary that UN SC gets to know what the real problem is. Serbia rejected Aahtisaari’s Plan and it should be seen why it did. The Mission must examine the matter. We have to be guided by the international law. It is necessary to give a chance to rebuilding of trust among people in Kosovo, otherwise there is no solution to the problem. We must understand why we still have the safety issue in Kosovo. How can we preserve peace if there is no reconciliation between the two sides? That is why the only solution is that UN SC sends the Mission to Kosovo.
* What are your expectations of the Mission?
- It is important to see how to implement Resolution 1244. Further proposals are unrealistic without it.
* You are familiar with the fact that certain countries are stronglu inclined to a quick solution to the Kosovo problem. What is your assessment of the situation within the UN SC ?
- We understand the troubles of Albanians in Kosovo and their legitimate rights, but we also understand that Serbia has rights. One cannot just dismiss that fact. That is why we think that, with reconciliation, the process would be much simpler. We still hope for the possibility of a negotiated solution.
* Do you think that it is possible to reach the agreement within the UN SC?
- It is possible if the principle of adherence to international law is observed. First, it is necessary to see how Resolution 1244 is applied. After that, a chance should be given to negotiations and time left for reconciliation. I think that, by building trust it is possible to reach the solution.
* What is your reaction to strong support shown by some countries for Kosovo’s independence?
- The most important thing is to adhere to the law. If we follow everyone’s aspirations, we will end up in chaos. Resolution 1244 says that Kosovo is a part of Serbia.
* Are you afraid that the independence of Kosovo would represent a presedent for other similar situations in the world?
- We sometimes hear that Kosovo is a unique case. According to the international law, however, Kosovo’s independence would be a precedent.
NOTHING WITHOUT UN
* HOW do you comment on the possibility that individual countries recognize Kosovo’s independence?
- It is against the law. The UN Security Council Savet is the only one who may authorise the status, as UN is the administrator in Kosovo. Therefore, no matter how the status of Kosovo would change, it must be under the UN authority.
* COULD some experience of your country with Aceh region be of help in the process of finding solution for Kosovo?
- The problem of reconciliation and building of trust in Kosovo is more severe than it was in the aforementioned case in Indonesia. In Kosovo, the crucial task is to build trust.